Navigating the Uncertainties: Australia’s Cryptocurrency Taxation Guidelines in the DeFi Landscape


Australia's cryptocurrency taxation landscape has recently witnessed a surge in complexity with the

Australian Tax Office (ATO) issuing new guidelines on decentralized finance (DeFi) activities. While the guidance aims to provide clarity, concerns have been raised within the legal community about its non-binding nature and the resulting confusion among investors. In this article, we explore the intricacies of the ATO’s guidelines, highlighting the challenges they pose and the need for a more definitive approach.

The Challenge of Non-Binding Guidance

The ATO’s recent guidance, marked as “non-binding” rather than a binding public ruling, has sparked considerable confusion within the Australian crypto community. People are raising concerns about the lack of clarity regarding what triggers a capital gains tax (CGT) event in DeFi transactions. Founder Harrison Dell, a former ATO auditor, advocates for a public ruling to provide a solid foundation for tax compliance, citing the current ambiguity as a potential deterrent to voluntary compliance within the crypto community.

Ambiguities Surrounding DeFi Activities

The uncertainties surrounding DeFi taxation become more pronounced when examining specific activities, such as transferring funds via a bridge or staking Ether on a liquid staking protocol like Lido. Despite attempts to seek clarification from the ATO, direct answers remain elusive. Dell, drawing on his experience, suggests that certain on-chain activities are more likely to trigger a CGT event, emphasizing the need for clear and concise guidance from the tax authorities.

The ATO’s Position on Wrapped Tokens

A significant development in the ATO’s stance is the imposition of capital gains tax on wrapped cryptocurrency tokens. The ATO clarified that wrapping or unwrapping tokens, regardless of their price at the time, will be subject to CGT. This move has raised concerns among crypto investors, with Chloe White of Genesis Block and Blockchain Australia asserting that the ATO’s approach breaches the technology neutrality principle, impacting the financial future of young Australians.

Insight into ATO’s Position on DeFi Tax Implications

The ATO’s detailed guidance on DeFi activities sheds light on potential taxable events. Engaging in DeFi transactions, exchanging crypto for wrapped tokens, and earning DeFi rewards all fall within the purview of CGT events. Practical examples provided by the ATO include lending on DeFi platforms, contributing to liquidity pools, and converting crypto into wrapped tokens, each triggering a CGT event with tax implications based on the value at the time of the transaction.

Navigating the Complexities

Given the intricacies of DeFi transactions and their tax implications, the importance of maintaining detailed records cannot be overstated. While the ATO’s guidance serves as a valuable resource, seeking professional advice is recommended to ensure compliance with the latest tax laws and regulations. The uncertainty surrounding these matters, as highlighted by Dell, may persist until a public ruling is issued or new legislation is proposed to fill the existing gaps.


Australia’s evolving cryptocurrency taxation guidelines, particularly in the realm of DeFi, present challenges that demand attention and careful consideration. As investors and traders navigate this complex landscape, staying informed, seeking professional advice, and advocating for clearer and binding guidance remain essential for fostering a compliant and thriving crypto community in Australia. As the regulatory environment matures, opportunities for a compliant and thriving crypto community in Australia may become more apparent.

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